The Japanese rose (Tsubaki)

Once the "Flower of the Elite" called, they were discovered around the early 19th century sporadically in gardens of the nobility.


Many people dare not himself today at these plants because of their frost susceptibility. If tub-plant, they are sometimes bought.
They must be wintered because the plant did not survive below 5 ° C!
It is sometimes said that the tough plants, the opposite is true!
And some winter-hardness is concerned there are certainly different species that can take a beating.

Very hardy species, can rest easy below18 ° C to flower without damage (to -25 ° C)

You have to take into account some factors.
I give here are some important rules that give a successful outcome.
It is important that you plant at least five years old, and sufficiently hardened off before being allowed in the garden! Plant in the spring after the frost! In the fall can also, but at a severe winter in that same year the plant can reach a lot of damage because he has been unable to strike root.
Like the rhododendrons they require an acidic soil that is slightly damp (not tolerate clay soil or wet feet). Mix compost with equal parts of peat into the planting hole, possibly adding vermiculite in sandy soils (not plant the root ball deeper than the ground level). Good watering in! Do not let the roots dry out your camellia, otherwise they will prematurely lose their buds! The planting hole should not hesitate to have 60 to 80 cm diameter, which at a depth of 40 to 50 cm. Filtered light (penumbra) and lay a good mulch layer of leaves around the plant. A location that is sheltered from the east (frost-damage-east wind!). Do you spruce or fir trees in your garden, you can camellia below the deck deciduous plants, although at least 1.5 m from the trunk (from extreme cold trap).

Camellia's really love a regular shower turn on the foliage.
In severe winters (-12 à -15 ° C), the flower buds may be affected.
You can plant may be covered with several layers of fleece fabric, no bubble foil (gives greenhouse effect and condensation)! Definitely do the first three years after planting, then they can generally thrive independently.

Very hardy species, can rest easy below 18 ° C to flower without damage (up to -25 ° C)

Overall, most Camellia Japonica resistant -12 ° C without flower damage, lower temperatures sometimes result in smaller flowers or intensity.
Extreme temperatures (above 15 degrees C) require winter protection.
If you're planning to buy a Camellia in open ground, pay attention to the above factors.
Select vigorous plants and then question you about the hardiness to a specialized breeder / or just ask us. We have a concise data base with plant information based on our own experiences and findings of colleagues.

Very hardy species, can rest easy below 15 ° C to flower without damage (up to -25 ° C)

The Camellia is divided into following types:
1. C. japonica (including C. jap.Higo)
2. C. sasanqua (autumn-flowering)
3. C. hybrids (including Belgian species and C. Williamsii)
4. C. hiemalis
5. C. Vernalis
6. C. Rusticana
7. C. species

For the beginner, the first category is appropriate for the garden.

Guy & Danielle